Topic T3A Quick Review Audio


What should you do if another operator reports that your station's 2 meter signals were strong just a moment ago, but now they are weak or distorted?

  1. Change the batteries in your radio to a different type
  2. Turn on the CTCSS tone
  3. Ask the other operator to adjust his squelch control
  4. Try moving a few feet or changing the direction of your antenna if possible, as reflections may be causing multi-path distortion


Why might the range of VHF and UHF signals be greater in the winter?

  1. Less ionospheric absorption
  2. Less absorption by vegetation
  3. Less solar activity
  4. Less tropospheric absorption


What antenna polarization is normally used for long-distance weak-signal CW and SSB contacts using the VHF and UHF bands?

  1. Right-hand circular
  2. Left-hand circular
  3. Horizontal
  4. Vertical


What can happen if the antennas at opposite ends of a VHF or UHF line of sight radio link are not using the same polarization?

  1. The modulation sidebands might become inverted
  2. Signals could be significantly weaker
  3. Signals have an echo effect on voices
  4. Nothing significant will happen


When using a directional antenna, how might your station be able to access a distant repeater if buildings or obstructions are blocking the direct line of sight path?

  1. Change from vertical to horizontal polarization
  2. Try to find a path that reflects signals to the repeater
  3. Try the long path
  4. Increase the antenna SWR


What term is commonly used to describe the rapid fluttering sound sometimes heard from mobile stations that are moving while transmitting?

  1. Flip-flopping
  2. Picket fencing
  3. Frequency shifting
  4. Pulsing


What type of wave carries radio signals between transmitting and receiving stations?

  1. Electromagnetic
  2. Electrostatic
  3. Surface acoustic
  4. Ferromagnetic


Which of the following is a likely cause of irregular fading of signals received by ionospheric reflection?

  1. Frequency shift due to Faraday rotation
  2. Interference from thunderstorms
  3. Random combining of signals arriving via different paths
  4. Intermodulation distortion


Which of the following results from the fact that skip signals refracted from the ionosphere are elliptically polarized?

  1. Digital modes are unusable
  2. Either vertically or horizontally polarized antennas may be used for transmission or reception
  3. FM voice is unusable
  4. Both the transmitting and receiving antennas must be of the same polarization


What may occur if data signals arrive via multiple paths?

  1. Transmission rates can be increased by a factor equal to the number of separate paths observed
  2. Transmission rates must be decreased by a factor equal to the number of separate paths observed
  3. No significant changes will occur if the signals are transmitted using FM
  4. Error rates are likely to increase


Which part of the atmosphere enables the propagation of radio signals around the world?

  1. The stratosphere
  2. The troposphere
  3. The ionosphere
  4. The magnetosphere


How might fog and light rain affect radio range on the 10 meter and 6 meter bands?

  1. Fog and rain absorb these wavelength bands
  2. Fog and light rain will have little effect on these bands
  3. Fog and rain will deflect these signals
  4. Fog and rain will increase radio range


What weather condition would decrease range at microwave frequencies?

  1. High winds
  2. Low barometric pressure
  3. Precipitation
  4. Colder temperatures